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Depressive disorders directly involve an individuals mood, body, and thoughts as well as the thought process. For a person that is suffering with depression there is typically a noticeable change in the eating habits as well as the sleeping patterns. Their general feeling towards themselves can also be greatly effected. The vast majority of individuals that are currently suffering or have suffered from a depression disorder can or have confused their symptoms with just a mood that will pass or it they are just feeling a little blue. A depressive disorder is a serious condition that needs to be treated, in a prompt fashion.
There are different types of depression that a person can suffer from. The severity of the depression can also vary greatly as well as the individuals that suffer from it. Depression can affect individuals of all ages, shapes, sizes and backgrounds, as well as the male and female population. This is not a prejudice condition, it can and will take hold of any person from any walk of life.
Major depression is a combination of symptoms, that can interfere with an individuals daily routine. Such as giving them the inability to function properly in work, school, concentration, eating and also sleeping. Generally if a person has suffered once from depression they will suffer from it again in their lifetime. Especially if they have discontinued use of prescribed medication with out the consent of their medical care provider.
Dysthymia is slightly less in its severity of depression. This generally is a long term reoccurring of symptoms. The symptoms do not make it impossible for an individual to function as they should, instead it makes the person feel almost useless, if you will. To the untrained this can often be mistaken as low self esteem issues instead of as a depressive state of mind. Although, low self esteem can grow into becoming a full blown depressive state. It is common for some of the sufferers of dysthymia to eventually experience some major depressive episodes.
The causes of depression vary, some appear to be hereditary. This seems to typically be the case with bipolar disorder. Some studies have showed in some cases with families that have a member in each generation that has developed bipolar disorder, that the genetic makeup is generally slightly different in the members that have bipolar than the family members that are not ill with this disorder.
There seem to be some additional factors that can often times be an aiding factor to a depressive state, such as stress. If there is an excessive amount of stress at work or school, it is common for an individual to go into a depressive state. Stress can take its toll on the body, sometimes you should try to pinpoint these elevated stress places and try to better prepare for them. By being able to control an environment that causes stress an individual can sometimes overcome the fear and thus refrain from having a depressive episode.
Major depression seems to occur in families for generation and generation. Although, it can also show in people that have no medical history of it in their family. Major depressive disorder has been frequently associated with a change in brain structure or in the brain function. This seems to be the case whether the illness was inherited or not.
. If a person has low self esteem, if they are always seeing themselves as well as the world with a pessimistic view, seem to be overwhelmed by stress, seem to be more prone to developing depression. It still is not clear if this is a representation of a psychological predisposition. Recently, researchers have started showing physical changes with in the human body can sometimes go together with mental changes in the individual as well. Illnesses such as heart attack, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, and a stroke as well as a hormonal disorder can sometimes lead to a depressive condition. In the event that it does the individual can feel sick, no longer be willing to take care of themselves physically, and a feeling of apathy seems to frequently occur. Dealing with the loss of a friend or family member, feeling you were the cause of something bad happening and just becoming overwhelmed can also be triggers of a depressive episode.
Major depression is also more commonly known as clinical depression. Sometime when a person hears the words clinically depressed they become fearful. Being clinically depressed is nothing to be fearful of. All this means is that the individuals depression is serious enough to require the attention and treatment of a medical professional. The more intense the episode of depression is the more it can affect the individuals daily activities. Some of the symptoms of major depression are thoughts that the person frequently has of death, this can also include when a person has a plan for suicide. Some other symptoms can be indecisiveness or the inability to concentrate, continuous feeling of being worthless, frequent fatigue, insomnia on a daily basis, weight loss that is noticeable and possibly excessive when the person is not on a diet, a decrease in pleasure as well as a constant depressive state of mind on a daily basis. These are the red flags that everyone needs to become very well acquainted with in order to help someone else recognize that there is a problem and quite possibly help an individual to get their life back on the right track.
Dysthymia is a long lasting depressive episode. The symptoms can be recognized in even the mildest of forms. Some of the symptoms that have been associated with this version of depression include poor performance at work or school, withdrawing oneself from social situations, new developed shyness, hostility, frequent conflicts with family and friends, issues with sleep, and also if the parents of the individual have had dysthymia.
Bipolar depression alternates with very bad highs often in a baffling oscillation. Recently scientist have started to believe that this rollercoaster ride is a result of a chemical imbalance within the brain. Some of the symptoms associated with bipolar are feeling manic, or hyper manic, falling into major depressive episodes, anxiety, and schizophrenia. This is a fairly hard depression to be diagnosed, many of the symptoms that are experienced are similar to ones that are seen in other medical conditions. So often times diagnosing it may take a little longer than anticipated. However, the delay is worth the proper diagnosis and treatment.
A typical depression is more frequently found and noticeable among women. This is another rollercoaster ride depression. Frequently an individual will fall into a depressive episode and soon feel better again. The symptoms that are common in A typical depression are overeating, oversleeping, panic attacks as well as a hypersensitivity to rejection generally in a romantic situation. This form of depression typically begins around adolescence and, will continue throughout the life of the person if it is left untreated.
A subtype of depression is seasonal affected disorder or commonly referred to as SAD. It has been suggested through research that SAD is set off by an overwhelming sensitivity to a seasonal change. Generally with the changes in daylight. Some symptoms might include when winter has approached and less daylight is available a person will prefer to sleep a lot more than in the longer daylight seasons, also an overeating can occur.
PMDD or premenstrual dysphonic disorder is different than PMS. The symptoms are more severe, many sufferers of PMDD have reported being irritable have a severe depressive state for about two weeks prior to them actually getting their periods.
Post partum depression has been thought of being a severe form of major depression. Mostly because of the similarities in the two. It is more commonly found in women who already have had experienced some depressive illness previously. It seems to be common for a new mother to feel a little blue after having a baby, but generally goes away after a few days. But, those that suffer from postpartum depression have symptoms that last for longer amounts of time. As well as them being more severe and even disabling.
Psychotic depression is in about 15% of people that are already suffering from a major depression. Some of the symptoms of psychotic depression include hallucinations (hearing voices and or seeing things that are really not there) and delusions. This is a case of depression that needs immediate medical treatment.